Its name comes from the Latin “argentum” (silver), it is given y the first Spanish conquerors who were looking for the high-priced metal in their trips to the River Plate (Río de la Plata).
From those expeditions, Argentina receives its name. Nevertheless, it was not named in this way until 1853, year in which the National Constitution is sanctioned. It called the country: Republic of Argentine in order to be the official name for the designation of the government and National Territory.
Location, Extention and Limits
Argentine is located in the southern part of America, and presents an extension of 3.76 million km2, 2.79 belongs to the South American continent, and the rest to the Antarctic continent. Due to his extension, it occupies the fourth place of America and the sixth place in the world.
In the continent, 5,000 km of coasts and 9,000 km of international borders form its contour. With a frontier perimeter of 9,376 kilometers Argentina borders on Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile.
Argentina has four types of main climates: cold, arid, warm and temperate warm. This is possible due to the diversity of relief accidents and the extension of the territory.
The relief consists in a vast plain that included prairies and savannahs, plateaus and mountains.
The current population is about 37 million inhabitants, approximately, 45% reside in Federal Capital and Great Buenos Aires. Between the native Argentineans, a 95% are of European ancestry, and only 5% rest includes mestizos (cross of European and native) and pure native population.
In Argentina exists freedom of cult. It keeps as main religion the Roman Apostolic Catholic, however, the nation practice others such as the Protestantism, the Judaism, Islam, the Greek orthodox religion, the orthodox Russian.
The official currency is the Argentine Peso (ARS). The currency exchange at present change is USD1 = ARS13,8 ARS / EUR1 = ARS14,25 / GBP1 = ARS19,50.
The official language is the Spanish.
The flag is composed by three horizontal strips: a central white with a rising sun and two external, blue celestial.
The national flower is the one of the tree called ceibo and the national stone is denominated Inca rose or the rodocrosita.
According to the National Constitution, the Republic of Argentina is governed with a representative, republican and federal system, and it exists a division of three powers: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. The citizens choose a President that carries out the Executive authority and a vice-president, during the term of four years, being able to be reelects by a single consecutive period. The president chooses his ministers, who advises him and help to manage the following areas: Outer interior, Relations, Defense, Economy, Education and Justice, Works and Services Public, Work and Social Security and Health Publish and Social Action.
The National Legislative Power is had by two cameras that conform the National Congress: the Senate and the one of Deputies.
The Judicial Power of the nation is performed by the Supreme Court of Justice, the Federal Cameras and the federal Judges.
The Argentine Republic is integrated by 23 provinces, and the Federal Capital, Buenos Aires.
The citizens of each province choose their respective provincial governments, who consist in a Governor (Executive authority) and a Legislature, according to each provincial constitution. These authorities take care of, among others subjects, the municipal regime.
Cordoba city is located in the Province of the same name in the heart of Argentina.
It was founded in 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, and it is a catholic city with a great number of churches and colonial-style buildings. Also, it is a national educational and artistic centre with well-known universities resulting in a very young atmosphere. It is recognized as the “students’ city”. . It is the second largest city in the country with a population of 1.8 Million of inhabitants.
The province neighbors with Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires, La Pampa, San Luis, La Rioja and Catamarca, all provinces of Argentina.
Province area belongs to the Pampean region and It has around 8.4 millions hectares are apt for agriculture. Livestock and agriculture provide 25% of the income. The agriculture is based in soybeans, maize, wheat and cereals. Cattle are centered in Native American goat, sheep and cattle breeding. The food industry around milk, oil and other cereal derivatives is also very significant. Other important industry is the cars manufacturing and of agricultural machinery. 20% of the province income comes from the Industry. Tourism is other of the growing industries due to the mild weather, numerous landscapes full of small rivers and low height green hills where all kind of adventure can be performed with professionals: windsurfing, climbing, trekking, horse riding, aladelta, hang-glider among others. Around 3.0 million tourists not only from Argentina but from other countries, visit Córdoba every year.
The climate of the county is of continental temperate type. Their climate is severely mediterranean, with warm summers, not extremely strict, and fresh winters. The temperature annual average is understood approximately 16°C. The precipitations register fundamentally during the summer, overcoming the annual 800 mm, not including the northwest where the rains rarely complete 200 mm per annum. Because of the combination of singular natural elements it is likely to find in the County of Córdoba distinctive regional climates and local particular microclimates.
Cordoba presents two thirds of its territory with plain areas, wich belongs in part to Pampean plain, an in part to Chaquenian plain. Then the plain rises until the foot of the mountainous chains belonging to the system of the Mountains.
Although the plain is very uniform, it presents extensive depressions that give place to two important formations, a the large salted lagoon called Mar Chiquita and the other one the extensive half-deserted plain called Salinas Grandes, covered with salt; both located in the north of the province. Also, there are low lands in the south: plain of the Carlota and the surroundings of the lagoon called La Amarga. At the west of the county they are distinguished three mountainous relieves that integrate the most southern cord in the Mountains Pampeanas, clearly under the name of Mountains of Córdoba. It occupies great part of the region, being guided of north-south, their oriental cord are characteristicly soft on the contrary of the Westerners which are abrupt, corresponding to the Mountains Pampeanas.
Córdoba has beautiful scenarios in the county as well as many shows and interesting historical places in the city. It is possible to visit them while in Argentina. Tourists will find security and comfort in this city. Tourism can be enjoy in many way, Córdoba has many options such as:
Ecologic Tourism: Córdoba has protected districts and natural environments which can be visited and enjoyed while being in direct contact with nature.
Golf : Córdoba offers the chance to enjoy the quality first level Golf courses, located within minutes from the center of the city and adorned with the typical charm of Córdoba´s hills.
Sport fishing: The clear waters filled with trouts challenging the better fisher, surrounded by majestic landscapes invite to live an unforgettable experience.
Food routs: These routes allow to appreciate the regional production as an expression of the cultural identity of the people. Tourists may try their homemade products and regional cuisine and learn a lot about the production cycles of the soil.
Cultural Tourism: exceptional contributions to the art signals Córdoba as an important cultural paradigm in Argentina. Since ancient times, this province was highlighted by its cultural activities; witness of this is the most important prehistorically archaeological site in Argentina, located in Cerro Colorado, Córdoba. This place as many others related to the great history of the conquerors until nowadays.
Adventure Tourism: Tourists have the opportunity to enjoy alternative Tourism in every Valleys of this province. Options are endless since Córdoba has devoted a third part of its surface for the development of tourism. Our open spaces invites to practice 4 Tracks, Nautical Activity, Air Activity, Trekking, Hiking, Hunting, Sauna-Spa, Climbing, Mountain Biking, Paragliding, Rafting, Fishing, Horse Riding, scuba diving, and other alternative tourism activities, all extremely close to each other and only a short distance away from the city.
Rural Tourism: The best alternatives to stay in are the rural hotels, the traditional farmhouses or the rustic inns located in the middle of the mountainous scenery.
Farms with rich history, places with agricultural and cattle raising activities, stands surrounded by arid or fertile landscapes, all promising to fully enjoy the comfort or lead an ordinary life according to the traditions of the place. All these farms have exclusive and personalized attention.
Northern Córdoba Mysterious lands of legends , of long processions that went across the Herat of each town when they want to show their faith. Each year, different towns organize their festivals according to the tradition, accompanied with local music.
Idiomatic Tourism: The purpose is learning the local language.
Public health: The public hospitals offer free-of-charge assistance to tourists in case of medical emergencies.
Banks: The banks are open from 8:30 A.M. to 1:30 P.M.; it is required to show the passport in order to change currency.
Cash Machines: All over the city is easy to find cash machines, that are available 24 hours, and where is possible to withdraw either pesos or dollars.
Drugstores: Big drugstore chains and small ones in the neighborhoods are open 24 hours.
Stores and malls: Big stores accept credit cards and most shopping malls accept dollars. Small stores and kiosks only take cash. In bars, usually a minimum charge is required for paying with credit cards.
Restaurants: In Córdoba, people usually have dinner after 9 P.M. In downtown, they remain open even after midnight.
Transportation: The buses network has a good service. It is possible to buy a guide where to find the routs they follow. There are also taxis, some of which can be called from anywhere in the city.