Knee Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure orthopedic surgeons use to diagnose and treat problems inside the knee. A small incision is made in the skin and then a pencil-sized instrument, called arthroscope, is inserted to provide us a clear view of the knee interior.
The arthroscope has fiber optics that transmit the image of the joint interior to a tiny camera, connected to a TV monitor. The image of the joint on the screen will allow the surgeon to examine in detail the interior of the joint and determine, in most of the cases, the cause of the problem. Likewise, during this procedure the surgeon will be able to insert, through one or more small incisions, other instruments inside the joint, allowing the surgeon to treat the pathology. Consequently, arthroscopy is a procedure that, besides the diagnosis, allows the treatment.
Meniscal tears or torn meniscus
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury
Tibial spine avulsions